While counseling can help couples reduce stress and cope more

Five Myths About Infertility

canada goose outlet store uk Infertility canada goose outlet canada the inability to get pregnant after 12 canada goose factory outlet months of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse affects about 1 in 10 American couples. A diagnosis can alter relationships, lead to depression and anxiety, and threaten lifelong expectations of parenthood. Thankfully, medical advances such as in vitro canada goose outlet fertilization (IVF) have made it possible for certain couples to conceive, but these treatments carry risks and are often poorly understood. Here are five common misconceptions. canada goose outlet store uk

canada goose outlet houston Myth No. 1: Stress causes infertility. News World Report article promised readers canada goose outlet uk sale that they would discover “How Stress May Be Causing Your Infertility.” An article on WebMD claims that doctors believe “the stress of actually undergoing infertility treatments can be so great it can stop even the most successful procedures from working.” Anyone who has personally experienced canada goose outlet shop infertility has heard some variant on the advice : “Relax, you’re trying too hard. Just take a break and you’ll get pregnant.” canada goose outlet houston

canada goose outlet parka While stress and infertility can be connected, stress does not cause infertility or treatment failure. A meta analysis of 14 studies with 3,583 women undergoing fertility treatments found that pretreatment emotional distress was not associated with outcomes. Research showing an association between stress and infertility usually does not fully account for the indirect effects of stress, such as alcohol use, increased smoking, infrequent sex and dropping out of treatment. canada goose outlet parka

The picture is further complicated by studies that official canada goose outlet find participation in psychological counseling may improve pregnancy rates. However, other studies have found that these effects are evident only in couples not receiving medical treatments. While counseling can help couples reduce stress and cope more effectively with the uncertainty of infertility, couples should not expect counseling to increase their chances of pregnancy. Ultimately, the myth that stress causes infertility unfairly places the responsibility for treatment failure or success on the shoulders of the woman, a conclusion that is not supported by science.

canada goose outlet reviews Myth No. 2: Women are more likely to be infertile than men. canada goose outlet reviews

canada goose outlet niagara falls Because women get pregnant and men don’t, people often believe that infertility must be related to what’s happening in the female body. Historically, biblical writings, Egyptian papyruses and the medical texts of the classical Greeks show that infertility was a common condition and that women were primarily blamed. These convictions formed cultural traditions and misperceptions that have lasted for centuries. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s website correctly notes that infertility is not always a woman’s problem, it still incorrectly reports that in just 8 percent canada goose outlet store uk of infertile couples, the canada goose outlet parka man is solely responsible. canada goose outlet niagara falls

canada goose jacket outlet uk Because women get canada goose jacket outlet pregnant and men don’t, people often believe that infertility must be related to what’s happening in the female body. canada goose jacket outlet uk

canada goose outlet vip In fact, men and women are equally responsible for an infertility diagnosis. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health and the National Institutes of Health, about one third of cases are attributable to men, one third are attributable to women, and the rest are a combination of male and female factors or unexplained problems. Most male infertility is related to low sperm count, poor sperm movement and abnormal sperm shape. Irregular ovulation, endometriosis, canada goose outlet new york city polycystic ovary syndrome and diminished ovarian reserve due to age contribute to female infertility. Combined infertility is diagnosed when both partners contribute in some way (for example, if the man has low sperm count and the woman has infrequent ovulation). canada goose outlet vip

canada goose outlet las vegas Myth No. 3: Science and healthy living have extended the biological clock. canada goose outlet las vegas

canada goose outlet store new york Women throughout the world are delaying the age when they have children. In canada goose outlet nyc the United States, the mean age of first time mothers in 2016 was 26.6, the highest ever recorded. In 2003, a “60 canada goose outlet online uk Minutes” report found that educated professional women who intended to delay childbearing to pursue their careers had significant misperceptions about age and fertility, believing that medical treatments and good health could extend the biological clock well into a woman’s 40s and even 50s an attitude that has also been found in undergraduate students. Fertility clinics can also perpetuate this myth with well intentioned but misleading statements, such as the Fertility Centers of Illinois’ assertion that “advanced medical technology… allows us to extend the biological clock for many women.” canada goose outlet store new york

Because of the progressive decline in the quality of a woman’s oocytes (eggs) over time, there isn’t a way to naturally extend the biological clock. Nutrition, exercise and healthy canada goose outlet jackets living are great in other ways, but they can’t halt Canada Goose Outlet this inevitable decline, which begins at age 32 and becomes more rapid at 37. The closest we have come is temporarily stopping the clock through oocyte cryopreservation (egg freezing), but this has limitations and isn’t always an ideal solution. Women freeze their eggs at an age when egg quality is declining rapidly or already past its peak. Furthermore, when the American Society for Reproductive Medicine removed the “experimental” label from oocyte cryopreservation in 2012, it stopped short of recommending elective egg freezing for those hoping to delay canada goose outlet sale childbearing, pending additional data on the safety, efficacy, cost effectiveness and emotional risks of the procedure.

Myth No. 4: In vitro fertilization works for most patients.

goose outlet canada In an IVF procedure, a sperm and an egg are fertilized outside the body, and the resulting embryo or embryos are transferred to the uterus. Although it has miraculous promise, its success rates and stresses are largely misunderstood. A study of 8,194 people from eight countries, including the United States, found that “close to 90 percent of the adults surveyed knew about in vitro fertilization (IVF), but less than one quarter of them knew about the chances of success of this assisted reproductive technology.” OB/GYN residents have likewise been found to have unrealistic expectations and incomplete information about IVF, as have men who believed they were fairly knowledgeable about the procedure. goose outlet canada

canada goose outlet online store The overall success rate for having a child using one round of IVF in the United States is between 25 and 29 percent, according to the CDC canada goose outlet online store

The overall success rate for having a child using one round of IVF in the United States is between 25 and 29 percent, according to https://www.cheapcanadagoose.net the CDC. Because an average round costs $10,000 to $15,000, this can be an expensive gamble for canada goose outlet online couples. IVF is also stressful, emotionally taxing and physically invasive, which can lead patients to postpone the treatment or drop out altogether. Unsurprisingly, IVF success rates are linked to age. Women under 35 have the best chances of ultimately giving birth (43 percent). After age 37, success rates drop dramatically. Women ages 41 42 have a only a 10 percent chance of IVF success, while women over 44 have only a 2 percent chance.

canada goose jacket uk Myth No. 5: My doctor will tell me what I need to know about infertility. canada goose jacket uk

canada goose jacket outlet toronto A 2018 study found that 76 percent of women prefer counseling from their doctors when it comes to age related pregnancy risks. Other research has found that a similar proportion of women believe that their providers are the best sources of information about reproductive health. OB/GYN residents believe they should initiate discussions with their patients about childbearing intentions. canada goose jacket outlet toronto

canada goose factory outlet toronto location Yet these discussions rarely take place, and research indicates that gynecologists and nurses have gaps in their knowledge about issues such as the management of polycystic ovary syndrome and the impact of smoking and age on fertility. Even when physicians do have the right information, many are reluctant to engage with patients for fear they might increase their patients’ emotional distress or be perceived as pushing childbearing. One possible solution is for physicians to practice preconception counseling with patients during their peak fertility years. By doing so in a neutral, nonjudgmental way, they can give patients information that maximizes their reproductive choices. canada goose factory outlet toronto location

canada goose factory outlet vancouver Peterson is a professor in the Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences at Chapman University in Orange, California. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same canada goose factory outlet vancouver.